The fatal shooting of former Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has shocked Japan, a country with some of the world’s toughest gun-control laws.
Abe, Japan’s longest serving prime minister, was shot in the city of Nara during an outdoors campaign event on Friday, two days before an Upper House election.
The 67-year-old collapsed, visibly bleeding, and bystanders near the Yamato-Saidaiji station began to administer cardiac massage. He was then transferred to hospital by helicopter where doctors later pronounced him dead.
The shooting was especially “tragic and surprising”, given that Japan is one of the world’s safest countries, said Benoit Hardy-Chartrand, a professor at Japan’s Temple University.
“This is certainly not something we are used to seeing,” he told Al Jazeera. “We never have this kind of gun violence. [We have] one of the lowest rates of homicide in the world.”
Attacks on politicians are extremely rare in Japan. There have been only a handful in the last half-century, most notably in 2007 when the mayor of Nagasaki city was shot and killed by a gangster – an incident that resulted in still further tightening of gun regulations.
The last time a former or sitting prime minister was killed was nearly 90 years ago, in 1936, during Japan’s radical prewar militarism.
Abe served as Japan’s prime minister from September 2006 to September 2007, and again from December 2012 to September 2020.
He championed ambitious economic reforms and forged key diplomatic relationships while weathering scandals.
Leaders around the world have also reacted with shock and condemnation of the killing.
“This comes as a shock to everyone, especially considering the stature of the importance of Abe,” said Hardy-Chartrand, describing the late leader as “one of the most important post-war politicians for Japan”.